Various salts and minerals are found embedded in earth’s strata. Are they evidence of millions of years of slow evaporation, or could they have been formed during the yearlong global flood?
“Evaporite minerals” are found extensively in various locations around the globe. Some interesting examples are:
- Wieliczka Salt Mine in Poland
- Goderich Salt Mine located 1,800 feet under Lake Huron
- Gypsum deposits in Michigan and across the USA
- Halite and Gypsum deposits 800 meters (2,500 feet) deep under the Mediterranean Sea
As you can see from their designation, these are typically thought of as beds of minerals as evaporated deposits. But, this is due to the long-held uniformitarian belief of the sea and land slowly changing places in a continuous seesaw fashion.
The idea is that each time the land rose, some seawater was trapped. As the water evaporated, minerals were left behind. When the land lowered, the encroaching sea brought in a new layer of sediment which covered the evaporates. This process can be demonstrated by the simple experiment of putting water saturated with dissolved sea salt on a smooth concave surface and letting the water evaporate. The rings of various salt layers formed would be types of evaporates.
But for this to have formed the huge deposits we find around the world would have taken long periods of time if they were formed by typical evaporation. These longer timespans would also allow greater opportunity for added impurities to collect in the deposit, and these are often missing.
From a flood perspective, the precipitation of minerals dissolved in mineral-saturated flood waters offers a better explanation.
Separating out Minerals During the Flood
As the rushing floodwater pulverized earth’s landmass it would have dissolved vast quantities of minerals making the water extremely salty. The hotter the water, the more dissolved minerals the water could hold. But these minerals precipitate out as the water cools.
When sea ice forms it pushes out most of the salt the water had been carrying causing the mineral concentration in the remaining water to rise which results in even greater precipitation. Each mineral type such as iron, copper, and manganese as well as each type of salt will precipitate out at a distinct temperature and concentration level.
So, as the floodwaters cooled, individual varieties of minerals would have quickly precipitated allowing them to form distinct strata or nodules. Cold currents passing through the warm water could have quickly caused the precipitation of vast amounts of minerals which would have then been buried by sediment creating the strata we see today.
This can be demonstrated by filling a tall, clear canister with water supersaturated with sea minerals and placing it in the freezer. As the water cools, the various salts will precipitate to the bottom.
Seasons During the Flood
Whether or not there were seasons before the Flood is up for debate. But, after the flood, God clearly told Noah that while the earth remained, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, winter and summer would not cease. With the flood lasting for an entire year, it is plausible that both poles experienced a winter.
And if so, then this could have reduced the mineral content of the floodwater to its present level of 3.5% and buried the precipitated minerals within earth’s strata.
Since earth’s primary heat source is the sun, creating winter is as easy as blocking the sun. Earth’s 23.5 degree tilt does just that. Every year each pole experiences 11 weeks of total darkness and intense cold. Today winter continues to remove excess minerals, algae, and pollution from earth’s waters. God’s wisdom and design are clearly seen in the establishment of the seasons by simply tilting the planet.
https://project.geo.msu.edu/geogmich/gypsummining.html – this is an excellent example of uniformitarian view